Schematics of delabs

One of the oldest Schematic Archives on the Web. It was in the form of pdf files in the late 90s. Instrumentation and Industrial Designs by delabs and Generic Application Designs.

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Thursday, February 20, 2020

Triac based Lamp Dimmer power control

This is a phase angle control of a Triac which is a evolution from an SCR. The 50 Hz or 60 Hz Sine wave of mains can be turned on at any point after the Zero Crossing.

Design Notes - Power Electronics - 03

Triac based Lamp Dimmer power control

The Voltage ramps up in the sine wave which gives a near "Linear" slope which can be used to trigger the ON at a time delay after zero crossing when the voltage is zero. This is like a PWM but works on low frequency only. Some of the early SMPS(HV for TV and Mains Inverter) by Siemens were built around SCRs. Turning off a SCR is a difficult job for a designer, MOSFETS and IGBT are now used for PWM drive stages.

High Energy Circuits

You can use it with a bulb to vary brightness of bulb, this is a live circuit it can give a shock, enclose in plastic box, the pot should have a plastic knob, use a fuse, you can also use it for temperature control of soldering irons.

Monday, February 10, 2020

Solid State Relay - Common

This is a DC controlled Solid State Relay which can turn 230V AC equipment on and off. The output is like a NO normally open contacts of a relay and have to be in series with the Load like any other switch.

Solid State Relay - Common
This should not be used for large inductive loads like big motors. The Q1 transistor limits the current thru the LED by providing an alternate path for more current. The DC input can be from 3V to 20V.

The Triac can be chosen depending on current in the load. Look for datasheets and applications at STMicroelectronics for BTA41600 triacs. MOC3041 zero crossover opto-diacs.

Read more at my main page - Solid State Relays - SSR I used to make them long ago.

Thursday, February 06, 2020

Switching Battery Charger with L296

This is a a circuit from my  Power Supplies Section.  There may be some documentation errors in my circuits. If you are used to building and troubleshooting circuits then it is ok.

This circuit is derived from an application note of L296, It is a Power Switching Regulator from ST Micro. U1A is wired as a differential amplifier and U1B a High Gain Comparator. C4 and C5 are parallel for lower ESR. Equivalent series resistanc Fast switching diode used is BYW80.

Switching Battery Charger with L296

L296 is a switch mode power controller here. In this NTE327 or 2N5038 is used to boost the current output. This transistor is both high current and fast switching. U1A, LM358 measures the load current by reading the voltage across shunt R6 and compared to a current limit setting at R14 using U1B to give a load current control. R7-R8 give a voltage feedback for voltage limit.

Use MFR 1% for all Resistors, 33E means 33 ohms, 22K means 22 kilo ohms, 1M is 1 megohm. 10T tp means ten turn trimpot. "Analog Ground" and "Digital Ground" must be linked at power supply only, avoid loops, let grounds radiate from a ground plane. Unused inputs of logic and opamps pull up or down to avoid oscillations and noise

Wednesday, January 22, 2020

Audio Visual User Interface with Ack

This circuit is an User Interface part of a Security Alertness Monitor that i designed decades ago.

555 Buzzer and Pushbutton User Interface

The circuits are here - Digital Circuits - Part 1 The RAM and RTC part is missing, i will add later. It is without uC or Software. Only CMOS Logic.
 
Every Hour "+V UR" Goes High for 120 Seconds. The Buzzer Sounds and a Red LED turns on. The Guard has to respond by Pushing the Switch. The Green Light Flashes and the external Flip-Flop logic brings "+V UR" Low, The Buzzer Sound Stops and Red Light Goes off..

If not pressed the Sound Stops after 120 Seconds and even the Red light goes off then. This records a Non-Alert Hour in the RAM for that Day. The Ram Stores 9 Days alertness status.

You could try porting this project into a 89C2051 for learning product and interface design.

Power Supply with Battery Backup

This is an incomplete version of the power supply used for the Alertness Monitor with hourly LED Display. This circuit used a Dual Color LED. Green meant Alert and Red meant No Alert or acknowledge press.

Power Supply with Battery Backup

I can write here only in "Electronic English". Focus on the tech not grimmer. It may be like Pascal with a touch of Acronyms, codes and circuit axioms.

The top part is a 5V regulator with 0.7 Diode boost, means 5.7 V DC. The battery was floating on this point above the zener Z4, that connection comes from outside. A protection fuse maybe needed in case Zener draws more current. The Zeners were test selected to get above 6V along with the diode.

Power Electronic Circuits - Basic Power Supply Designs

The second supply is to drive the LED array and Relay. This second battery supply was needed to prevent the RAM from losing data and also the CMOS logic getting reset, when the relay solenoid operates. Even when the Display Now switch is pushed, the current is large and the pulse could reset digital circuit.

High Energy Circuits - What is High Energy ?

The battery was used very less, it worked during the power failures for short duration between mains and generator switching. This circuit is not meant for in situations when battery drains are high.

Telephone status indicator with LED

This will monitor telephone status without loading the telephone line, this way if you have two phones in parallel you will know if one of them is busy. Connect the two ends of circuit in parallel to phone lines.

Telephone LED status indicator

D1 to D4 make a bridge so that LED's are powered in correct polarity. LED1 indicates line ok no broken line, LED3 can light only when a 12V Zener breaksdown, this shows if line is busy or free, so that you dont go online when someone is talking on the phone in another room. LED2 lights on an incoming call ringing signal.

Learn on Gadget Hacks and Making Things

This is a higher voltage at least in older exchanges, so the cap protects the LED, and LED Lights when a AC ringing signal occurs. D6 protects LED2 from reverse polarity.

Learning Science to Promote Scientific Thinking

Science is best learnt with practical lab work in tandem with theory. Theory becomes appetizing only with practical experiments. In fact theory should follow practical experiments.

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