Wednesday, December 17, 2014

Battery Backup Supply

This is a 9V power supply which will work even on power failure. It uses a rechargeable battery and regulators. A transformer with 15-0-15 AC volts output is required.

From my Power Electronic Circuits

Battery Backup Supply

In the first regulator U1 the output is lifted up by 1.4V and in the second regulator U2 by a resistor divider. In the second regulator the voltage across resistor R3 is 5V, so the current is 5V / 1K = 5mA this adds to the quiescent current of 5mA from the regulators ground terminal and flows into the resistors R1 and R2 in parallel which form 404 ohms, 10mA thru 404 ohms is 4V. So the output will be 5 + 4 = 9V. Note that the charge and discharge paths of the battery are separated with diodes.

Tuesday, December 16, 2014

AC conversion and Continuity - DMM

U1A LF353 opamp turns on a buzzer when the voltage at Test + falls very low indicating a short between Test + and Test - or a resistor less than 5 ohms. The R9-R14 divider determines the minimum voltage that can be at Test + for buzzer to just turn on.

The Opamp here is a comparator and R10 10 Meg gives a very small hysteresis so that there is no oscillation at threshold levels, that is when both inputs at same levels.The Zener is for protection and R6 to limit current.

U2A and U1B opamps form a precision rectifier, note that this is not a true RMS rectifier circuit for that see some devices from Analog Devices. When you need to rectify a 200mV AC signal you cannot use a diode like 1N4148 as the diode turns on at 700mV so this circuit is used.

AC conversion and continuity buzzer test

The AC signal measurement is best to do with a True RMS convertor. This Type is able to quantify the Heating power of a AC voltage, includes all harmonics and Noise too.

Tuesday, December 02, 2014

Isolated dual power supply from 5V

This is a unregulated supply for low power circuits. You may be able to regulate the outputs with zeners or small regulators like 78L05.

The transformer can be hand wound in a mini ferrite pot core. you can use 2N2222 or any other fast transistor. The transformer should have 1KV isolation. The dot polarity of TR1 should be properly observed, else it may fail to oscillate or give output.

Diode should be fast recovery type, for less than 100mA use 1N4148. transformer, pri-20-20, sec-60-60, a SWG-AWG to suit the current you

design for, any fast switching transistor would work, no regulation, use regulators like 78L12 if you want, circuit like multivibrator used for flashing LED lights.

Isolated dual power supply from 5V

The Source file in CadSoft EAGLE format is here

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