Showing posts with label Power-Supplies-2. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Power-Supplies-2. Show all posts

Wednesday, December 03, 2014

Isolated dual power supply from 5V

This is a unregulated supply for low power circuits. You may be able to regulate the outputs with zeners or small regulators like 78L05.

The transformer can be hand wound in a mini ferrite pot core. you can use 2N2222 or any other fast transistor. The transformer should have 1KV isolation. The dot polarity of TR1 should be properly observed, else it may fail to oscillate or give output.

Diode should be fast recovery type, for less than 100mA use 1N4148. transformer, pri-20-20, sec-60-60, a SWG-AWG to suit the current you

design for, any fast switching transistor would work, no regulation, use regulators like 78L12 if you want, circuit like multivibrator used for flashing LED lights.

Isolated dual power supply from 5V

The Source file in CadSoft EAGLE format is here

Wednesday, November 12, 2014

Power supply with battery backup - DMM

This is a simple charger circuit which will work for a light load like a DMM, the Battery can be a sealed maintenance free battery of 9V-2AH or better. The circuit will work best if the Unit is powered on many times daily on regular use, else battery will drain down.

The 555 Astable is used to generate a AC signal from which a negative voltage is generated, A 79L05 which is a low power TO92 equivalent of 7905 a negative -5 volts regulator is used as -5 volts load is less. A TO220 7805 is used for the +5V supply.

Power supply with battery backup - DMM

Many dual supplies are derived from one DC Source. A SMPS solution is the best. A Series Regulator is simple to troubleshoot in comparison to Switching Types, there is no EMI-RFI too.

Power supply with battery backup - DMM

This simple circuit is ok only for Low Current gadgets, Whereas SMPS is green and efficient. In SMPS a greater care for Product Safety is required. In a Linear Supply with Step-Down Mains-Frequency Transformer. The Transformer is the only place, where you look into safety the most. In SMPS it is the PCB, the feedback components and also The High-Frequency (200 kHz) Mains Ferrite Transformer.

Thursday, August 14, 2014

Regulated High Voltage Power Supply

The Circuit below is a paper design and not tested. It can be used for education and information, this can help you make your own design. Please do not just wire it up and expect it to work.

Regulated High Voltage Power Supply

Now let me see if i can explain the circuit, This is a regulated AC power supply. This circuit uses the Mosfet to turn off when voltage goes beyond a reference point. That means it just chops the Sine wave above a point, that also implies that the output may not be pure sine and may have harmonics. The Transformer if well designed may smoothen the chops. Even a Series Inductor or Resonant Circuits may reduce harmonics.

The opto coupler 4N50 Provides isolation and good Current Transfer Ratio. That may mean you may not get a shock and that even a small current signal in Opto-LED will give a saturated or Low Impedance in Opto-Transistor. The Mosfet is used like a Impedance Control switch turned On-Off by Opto. The Optocoupler diode is controlled by the Opamps which work Closed loop. The transformer output is compared with reference to drive opto-led.

This Circuit is based on Teledyne Solid State data book application note. They may not be making these parts anymore but they are available from others.

Regulated High Voltage Power Supply - del20032

Wednesday, July 16, 2014

Power Supply with Battery Backup

This is an incomplete version of the power supply used for the Alertness Monitor with hourly LED Display. This circuit used a Dual Color LED. Green meant Alert and Red meant No Alert or acknowledge press.

Power Supply with Battery Backup

I can write here only in "Electronic English". Focus on the tech not grimmer. It may be like Pascal with a touch of Acronyms, codes and circuit axioms.

The top part is a 5V regulator with 0.7 Diode boost, means 5.7 V DC. The battery was floating on this point above the zener Z4, that connection comes from outside. A protection fuse maybe needed in case Zener draws more current. The Zeners were test selected to get above 6V along with the diode.

The second supply is to drive the LED array and Relay. This second battery supply was needed to prevent the RAM from losing data and also the CMOS logic getting reset, when the relay solenoid operates. Even when the Display Now switch is pushed, the current is large and the pulse could reset digital circuit.

The battery was used very less, it worked during the power failures for short duration between mains and generator switching. This circuit is not meant for in situations when battery drains are high.

Wednesday, August 29, 2012

+5 to -5 using a 555 Astable Multivibrator

This is a very simple -5V supply using one 555, useful for analog blocks using FET Opamps using low power. This circuit came up when i had to design limited by inventory. It worked well for its need. It converts Positive Five Volts to Negative Five Volts to create a dual supply.

+5 to -5 using a 555 Astable Multivibrator

This +5 to -5 using a 555 Astable not a high efficiency design, in fact it cannot take a heavy load. Circuits having some CMOS Opamps and a A/D convertor is ok. Even very small battery designs must avoid this circuit.

This suits well when you want to power an analog amp which has to measure voltages which swing on either sides of zero. It can be used in a LCD based portable measuring instrument running on a rechargeable 9V battery.

Powering a strain gauge amp may be one use, another may be like a RTD temperature meter for -50 to +150 deg C.

Thursday, February 19, 2009

Opamp Supply on Buffered Virtual Ground

When a Inverting Opamp Configuration is at a steady state, we say the Inverting Input is at a Virtual Ground. That means it is at 0V w.r.t to the dual power supply ground, but it cannot drive or draw any current. It is at a high impedance, but still at 0V. When you buffer this 0 V, you get a low signal ground for a opamp supply.

Analog Buffer and Inverter Switching with logic - del20016

Opamp Supply on Buffered Virtual Ground

This gnd. can sink and source in a couple of mA. You can use it with low power opamp circuits for portable battery operated devices. This creates a virtual +/- 6 V dual supply from a 12V battery. This may be needed in cases where some instrumentation opamps need the negative supply or your design demands a measurement around zero.

You may get a more loadable ground using a Power Opamp, i have not tried. The above circuit gnd cannot be used as a return path for LED's or Relays. You can drive these, between VCC-VDD, but translate levels to drive them.

Circuits by Application

Analog Circuits

  1. Battery Level Indicator
  2. Simple Sample and Hold
  3. Sample and Hold Standby
  4. Voltmeter Attenuator
  5. Precision Current Source
  6. Opamp Supply Virtual Ground

SCR and Triac

  1. Solid State Relay
  2. Normally Closed AC SSR
  3. AC-AC-SSR
  4. DC-DC SSR
  5. 2N2646 based Pulser
  6. Drive SCR thyristor

Mains Power

  1. Flashing Neon Lamp
  2. Dimmer power control
  3. Edison Bulb Life Extend
  4. Mains Current LED
  5. Mains Voltage LED

Digital Circuits

  1. Simple Digital Counter
  2. Running Lights
  3. Frequency Divider
  4. Crystal Oscillator
  5. Simple High speed switch
  6. Differential TTL converter

Measureall DMM

  1. Ohmmeter Measure Resistance
  2. Precision Digital Attenuator
  3. Precision Amplifier

Mixed Circuits

  1. Monostable Multivibrator
  2. Digital to Analog
  3. LM311 Oscillator
  4. PLL using 4046
  5. VCO with LM331
  6. BCD Thumbwheel to Analog
  7. V to F Converter ICL8038
555 Circuits
  1. OR gate with two 555
  2. fixed frequency duty cycle
  3. Pulse width modulation
  4. Astable Multivibrator
  5. uC Reset Generator
  6. LM555 Voltage Doubler
  7. 555 Power Oscillator
Discrete Circuits
  1. Isolated dual supply
  2. Sound to light converter
  3. Water operated relay
  4. Telephone Indicator
  5. Passive volume control
  6. RS232 Opto-Isolation
  7. Voltage Level Indicator
  8. Relay Driver
  9. Constant Current LED
  10. Voltage Doubler
  11. FET Current Source
Opamp Circuits
  1. Three Opamp Differential
  2. Two Opamp Differential
  3. Buffer Opamps
  4. Differential Op-Amp
  5. Inverting Opamp
  6. Non Inverting Opamp
  7. Digital gain control
  8. Square Triangle Oscillator
  9. Dual Polarity Output Amps
  10. Ammeter Precision Rectifier
  11. Voltage / Current 4-20 mA
  12. Current Source for RTD
Power Electronics
  1. Dual Power Supply
  2. Single Power Supply
  3. Battery Backup Supply
  4. 5V 1A Supply LM2575
  5. 5V Power Supply L296
  6. Dual Power Supply
  7. Tubelight Electronic Choke
  8. Voltage Doublers Multipliers
  9. White LED Lamp on Ni-Cd

uC and uP

  1. PC RS232 with MAX232A
  2. Battery Backup SRAM
  3. watchdog uC uP systems
Instrumentation Circuits
  1. Mains monitor LM3914
  2. Simple Mains monitor
  3. single digit voltmeter
  4. High Resistance Meter
  5. Diode Thermometer
  6. Function Generator
  7. Diode Leakage Tester
  8. Analog LED Ohm Meter
  9. Millivolt Source Current Loop
Process Control
  1. AD590 - temperature
  2. Thermocouple Amplifier
  3. Linearizing Thermocouple
  4. Thermocouple Amplifier
  5. 0-1V to 4-20 mA
  6. 1-5V to 4-20 mA
  7. InfraRed - Optical Switch
  8. InfraRed Detector